Prehistoric Land Use and Its Impact on Soil Formation since Early Neolithic. Examples from the Lower Rhine Area

Renate Gerlach, Eileen Eckmeier

Veröffentlicht in: Landscape Archaeology Conference (LAC 2012)
Jahr: 2012
Shortlink: edition-topoi.org/articles/details/645
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Abstract

The soils of the Central European regions that have been settled since the Early Neolithic, such as the Lower Rhine Region (NW-Germany), have been influenced by agrarian societies for more than 7000 years. This long history of clearing, digging, hoeing, ploughing or fertilizing has had a deep impact on soil formation—beyond the well-known phenomena of soil erosion and colluviation. We will present examples for soil types which were formed as a result of human activities, and which are more archaeological rather than natural features: 1.) Luvic Phaeozems, which can be a product of Late Neolithic burning practices, 2.) Podzols and hydromorphic soils, which were initialized by forest clearances mainly during the Iron Ages, 3.) Cambisols, which are cryptic Plaggen soils built up since the Middle Ages and 4.) A ground surface which has been widely destroyed by concealed “micro surface mining” in the Early Modern Period.

Autoren

Renate Gerlach

Renate Gerlach ist Geowissenschaftlerin im LVR-Amt für Bodendenkmalpflege im Rheinland. Daneben ist sie Honorarprofessorin am Institut für Geographie an der Universität zu Köln. Sie erforscht die Geoarchäologie der regionalen Lössbörden, der Mittelgebirge und Sand- und Flusslandschaften des Niederrheins.

Eileen Eckmeier

Eileen Eckmeier hat an der Universität zu Köln Geographie, Bodenkunde, Ur- und Frühgeschichte und Geschichte studiert. Nach ihrer Promotion an der Universität Zürich erhielt sie ein Post-doc Stipendium am Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel und wurde wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Nutzpflanzen und Ressourcenschutz an der Universität Bonn. Seit 2013 ist sie Leiterin des Laboratoriums am Lehrstuhl für Geomorphologie und Geoökologie am Geographischen Institut der RWTH Aachen. Ihre Forschungsschwerpunkte liegen in den Bereichen Bodenkunde und Bodengeographie, Geoarchäologie und archäologische Wissenschaften, holozäne Landschaftsentwicklung und geochemische Analysen.


Citation

Renate Gerlach and Eileen Eckmeier, "Prehistoric Land Use and Its Impact on Soil Formation since Early Neolithic. Examples from the Lower Rhine Area", in: Landscape Archaeology Conference (LAC 2012), eTopoi. Journal for Ancient Studies, Special Volume 3 (2012), 11–16
BibTeX
@article{Eckmeier2012,
  author = {Renate Gerlach and Eileen Eckmeier},
  title = {Prehistoric Land Use and Its Impact on Soil Formation since Early Neolithic. Examples from the Lower Rhine Area},
  journaltitle = {Landscape Archaeology Conference (LAC 2012)},
  pages = {11-16},
  series = {Berlin Studies of the Ancient World},
  date = {2012},
  publisher = {Exzellenzcluster 264 Topoi},
  location = {Berlin},
  url = {http://edition-topoi.org/articles/details/645},
  urldate = {2019-12-06},
  doi = {10.17171/5-3-2},
}